Confession of sin, the first outward result of genuine repentance, is an admission to God of personal^[1]^ sin, whether public or private.^[2]^

Confession to God

"If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness." (1 John 1:9)

Confession to Christians

"Therefore, confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed" (James 5:16)

Confession as Sacrament

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Notes

  1. ? Except in the case of a priest where he must also confess sins for others: Leviticus 16:21. The exception to this is Jesus Christ: Hebrews 7:26-27.
  2. ? All sin should be confessed to God. However, confession of private sin to fellow believers is a debated topic. Public sin should definitely be confessed to fellow believers.

See also