The pentateuch represents the first five books of the Bible (
Penta meaning "five", and teuch meaning "book" in the Greek). The term Pentateuch comes to us from the the ancient Greek translation of the Scriptures called the
Septuagint via the
Latin Vulgate (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, vol. 3, p. 740). It is also referred to as "Torah", which in Hebrew means teaching, instruction, or even law.
- John Sailhamer, The Meaning of the Pentateuch. InterVarsity Press, 2009.
- David W. Baker and T. Desmond Alexander, eds.
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch. InterVarsity Press, 2003.
- Gordon Wenham,
Exploring the Old Testament: A Guide to the Pentateuch. IVP Academic, 2008.