Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon (1561-1626) served as the Lord Chancellor of England. His books, particularly Advancement of Learning (1605) and Novum Organum (Latin for New Instrument, 1620), exerted a powerful influence on the development of early modern science and early modern thought.

Religious orientation

His mother Anne Bacon held deep orthodox protestant convictions and had Francis and his brother tutored in the Reformed creed as well as in a less formal style reflecting an influence of continental Calvinism. Francis's 1602 Confession of Faith mirrors Calvin's _Institutes of the Christian Religion_. Although some of Francis's writings do contain criticisms of Protestant reformers and their later Puritan successors, his learning program reflects typical Calvinist preoccupations: "the Fall and its consequences, the importance of the earthly vocation, the sanctity of work, and the duty to transform society."^ [1]^


  1. ? The Fall of Man and the Foundations of Science. Peter Harrison. Cambridge University Press, 2007. page 172

Further reading