The Tridentine Creed was proclaimed by Pope Pius IV in 1563 as a
counter-reformation initiative from the
Roman Catholic church at the
Council of Trent, and remains accepted doctrine of that church.
It was intended to remedy a perceived lack of systematic knowledge among the clergy which left them vulnerable to the widely-distributed publications of the reformers. For protestants, it stands as an itemization of the core issues that made the reformation
essential for the renewal of the church.
The Tridentine Creed was solemnly affirmed during the Vatican Council of 1870 at its second session. Since that time the Roman Catholic Church has added two articles which enter into the "Tridentine Profession of Faith," one on the sinlessness
of the Virgin Mary, and one on the infallibility of the pope.
Articles of the creed
- Article 1: incorporates the text of the
Nicene Creed, with the addition of the Filioque clause.
- Article 2: gives the
Catholic Church sole authority to interpret Scripture.
- Article 3: asserts the existence of seven
sacraments and affirms the Catholic ceremonies for them.
- Article 4: embraces and receives the
Council of Trent pronouncements on original sin and
- Article 5: states that during mass the priest offers a new
sacrifice and that the bread and wine are physically transformed into Christ's body, blood, soul, and divinity
- Article 6: asserts the existence of
Purgatory from which souls can be boosted into heaven with help from living Christians.
- Article 7: affirms the practices of
praying to the saints and honouring their relics.
- Article 8: affirms the
veneration of icons of Jesus, Mary, and the saints.
- Article 9: embraces the selling of
- Article 10: requires fidelity and submission to the
- Article 11: broadly embraces all the sacred Canons and general Councils of the
Roman church, and particularly the
Council of Trent.
- Article 12: condemns and rejects all heresies as identified by the Roman church.