Pauline theology is a term referring to the teaching and doctrines especially espoused by the apostle Paul through his writings. Mainstream Christianity relies on Paul’s writings as integral to the biblical theology of the New Testament and regards them as amplifications and explanations consistent with the teachings of Jesus and other NT writings.
Christian scholars generally use the term expressing interest in the recovery of Christian origins and the contribution made by Paul to Christian doctrine. Others, especially non-Christian scholars, claim to see a Pauline distinctive different from that found elsewhere in the New Testament, a distinctive that unduly influenced later Christianity.
- David B. Capes, et al. Rediscovering Paul: An Introduction to His World, Letters and Theology. IVP Academic, 2007.
- Thomas Schreiner, Paul, Apostle of God's Glory in Christ: A Pauline Theology. InterVarsity Press, 2001. Paperback, 2006.
- Stephen Westerholm, Perspectives Old and New on Paul: The "Lutheran" Paul and His Critics. Eerdmans, 2004.
- N. T. Wright, Paul: In Fresh Perspective. Fortress, 2005.
- James D. G. Dunn, The Theology of Paul the Apostle. Eerdmans, 1998.
- Pauline Theology, from The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
- Romans and the Theology of Paul (PDF), by N.T. Wright
- The Search for an Evangelical Consensus on Paul and the Law (PDF), by Mark Karlberg
- 21 Theses on Paul and the Law, by A.B. Caneday