Monotheism is the belief that there is but one God. The term comes from the Greek monos "only", and theos "god". Monotheism opposes polytheism, the belief in more than one God, and atheism, the belief that there is no God. Other worldviews such as deism (the belief that God created but does not intervene in the world), and pantheism (the belief that God is in all and that all is God), do maintain that there is one God. However, the monotheism of Christ, formed by the words of the Lord Jesus and His Father in Heaven as quoted within the Holy Scripture, rejects these other worldviews, maintaining that there is one God who does providentially work within the world, while remaining distinct from it. The Christian doctrine of monotheism differs from those of Islam and modern Judaism by maintaining a belief in Trinitarian monotheism.
Large monotheistic religions
- Monotheism (newadvent.org)
- Monotheism, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- 'Two Powers' and Early Jewish and Christian Monotheism, by James McGrath with Jerry Truex