Meredith G. Kline (1922-2007) born in Coplay Pennsylvania, was an American theologian and
Old Testament scholar. Kline was an influential voice for
Covenant theology in the
Reformed tradition. He is perhaps best known for his important contributions in the area of Suzerain-Vassal treaties in the 2nd millennium BC. He is also well-known for his defense of the
framework interpretation of the creation story in the first chapter of the Book of
Kline received a B.A., Gordon College; Th.B., Th.M., Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia (1947), and a Ph.D. in Assyriology and Egyptology from Dropsie University (1956). He was an ordained minister in the Orthodox Presbyterian Church and had
a long career as Professor of Old Testament at various institutions, including Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia; Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary; and Westminster Seminary California.
- God, Heaven and Har Magedon: A Covenantal Tale of Cosmos and Telos (2006)
- Glory in Our Midst: A Biblical-Theological Reading of Zechariah's Night Visions (2001)
- Kingdom Prologue: Genesis Foundations for a Covenantal Worldview (2000)
- The Genesis Debate: Three Views on the Days of Creation (contributor, 2000)
- Images of the Spirit (1999)
- The Structure of Biblical Authority (1997)
- "Space and Time in the Genesis Cosmogony,"
Perspectives on Science & Christian Faith 48 (1996) pp. 2-15
- By Oath Consigned: A Reinterpretation of the Covenant Signs of Circumcision and Baptism (1968)
- Treaty of the Great King: The Covenant Structure of Deuteronomy: Studies and Commentary (1963)
- "Because It Had Not Rained,"
Westminster Theological Journal 20 (1958) pp. 146-57.