Immanuel Kant (April 22, 1724 – February 12, 1804) was a German philosopher and scientist (astrophysics, mathematics, geography, anthropology) from East Prussia, generally regarded as one of Western society's and modern Europe's most influential thinkers and the last major philosopher of the Enlightenment.
Kant moved beyond both empiricism and rationalism by expounding a Transcendental philosophy. Unlike epistemology which asks, "How do we know?" and "What do we know?", transcendental philosophy asks, "What are the grounds and conditions for the very possibility of knowledge?"
- T. K. Seung, Kant: A Guide for the Perplexed. Continuum, 2007.
- Roger Scruton, Kant: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, 2001.
- Paul Guyer, Kant. Routledge Philosophers. Routledge, 2006.
- Paul Guyer, The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge University Press, 1992.
- Kant's Philosophy of Religion, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- Immanuel Kant and Theology, by Richard Peters, The Boston Collaborative Encyclopedia of Modern Western Theology
- Kant and Ethics
- Philosophy of Immanuel Kant, NewAdvent
- Longer Biography on Kant
- Immanuel Kant (Wikipedia)
- North American Kant Society