Huldreich (or Ulrich) Zwingli (1484-1531) was the leader of the Swiss Reformation, and founder of the Swiss Reformed Churches. Independent from
Martin Luther, Zwingli arrived at similar conclusions in his own personal study of the Scriptures. Zwingli is perhaps best known today for his teaching that the Lord's Supper is purely symbolic, as opposed to the
Transubstantiation view of Roman Catholicism or the
Consubstantiation view adopted by Luther -- there was great animosity between
Martin Luther and he on this issue.
Zwingli was born in Wildhaus, St. Gall, Switzerland to a prominent family of the middle classes. He was the third of eight sons. His father Ulrich was the chief magistrate in town, and his uncle Bartolomeus the vicar.
Zwingli's Reformation was supported by the magistrate and population of Zürich, and led to significant changes in civil life, and state matters in Zürich. In particular, this movement was known for mercilessly persecuting Anabaptists and
other followers of Christ who maintained a nonresistant stance. The reformation was spread from Zürich to five other cantons of Switzerland, while the remaining five sternly held on to the Roman Catholic faith.
Zwingli was killed in 1531 at Kappel am Albis, while serving as a military chaplain in a battle against the Catholic cantons.
- Zwingli's birth - 1484
- Zwingli priest in Glarus - 1506
- Zwingli as chaplain - 1516
- Luther's 95 theses - 1517
- Charles V becomes Holy Roman emperor - 1519
- Zwingli priest in the cathedral of Zürich - 1519
- Pope bans Luther - 1521
- New Testament translated to German - 1522
- Adrian VI new pope - 1522
- Zwingli marries - 1522
- Zwingli publishes his first reformatory tract - 1523
- Reformation wins in Zürich - 1523
- Clement VII new pope - 1523
- Peasant rebellion in Germany - 1524
- Anabaptist movement in Switzerland - 1525
- Luther marries Katharina von Bora - 1525
- Zwingli publishes his tract "On the true & false Religion"
- Charles V; military conquest of Rome
- Reformation wins in Berne - 1528
- Zwingli and Luther meet in Marburg - 1529
- Augsburg confession - 1530
- The league of Schmalkalden - 1531
- Zwingli falls in combat - 1531
- John Calvin becomes a protestant - 1533
- Calvin in