Gerhard von Rad (1901-1971) was a prominent German Old Testament scholar whose work brought back focus to the Old Testament. He was educated at the University of Erlangen and at the University of Tübingen and later received honorary Doctorates from the Universities of Lund, Wales, Leipzig and Glasgow. He also taught at the University of Jena, University of Gottingen, Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg. The Encyclopedia of World Biography notes him as having "developed the 'tradition history' approach to the Old Testament that has dominated the study of the Bible for the last 40 years."^ ^ His dissertation was on "Das Gottesvolk im Deuteronomium" (The People of God in Deuteronomy).
"The historical events of his lifetime, including the two World Wars, left their mark on him, and it was not least his detestation for the nazis's treatment of the Jews, which called his interest for OT forth, and he became a member of the academic world in stead of the clergy. Two fields of research are in a special way connected to his name. He was one of the founders of the traditio-historical method. Being one of A. Alt's doctoral students, history and the development of traditions always played an important part in his research. The historical credo (Deut 26) and its importance for the making of the Hexateuch has made a great impact on the scholarly world. The other field is OT theology, in which he stressed the theology in the transmission of the biblical traditions, in Vol. I the historical tradition and in Vol II the prophetic tradition. His way of doing Theologie was quite different from the traditional German Old Testament Theology."^ ^
"Von Rad's views were highly controversial, evoking considerable heat. Many of his theories have not stood the test of time, but it would be difficult to find another person who has contributed so much to the understanding of the Old Testament. It may be that in truth he wrote a history of Israelite religion rather than an Old Testament theology, but he insisted that the Hebrew Bible be understood in the context of the religious life of ancient Israel. That is surely a correct insight." ^ ^
- The Problem of the Hexateuch and other essays. (Oliver & B, 1966)
- Old Testament Theology. Old Testament Library. (Westminster John Knox, 2001)
- Genesis. Old Testament Library.(Westminster John Knox, 1972)
- Deuteronomy. Old Testament Library. (Westminster John Knox, 1966)
- Gerhard von Rad, Encyclopedia of World Biography