- The One Who Does Them Shall Live By Them: Leviticus 18:5 in Galatians 3:12 (PDF), by James Hamilton
There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. (ESV)
This text must be seen in light of the background and cultural context in which Paul wrote this part of the letter. For example, the following ancient Greek statement was apparently condoned by both Socrates and Plato where the speaker gives thanks that he,
was born a human being and not an animal, that I was born a man and not a woman, and that I was born a Greek and not a barbarian. Social distinctions were a large part of Paul's culture, and we see this in the Jewish version of this thanksgiving, prayed three times daily by the male,
Blessed art thou, Lord, who hast not made me a heathen, who hast not made me a woman, and who hast not made me a brutish man. It was sometimes included with "that I was not made a slave." ^ ^
- ? C. Marvin Pate, The End of the Age Has Come: The Theology of Paul, p. 192
- Galatians 3:16: What Kind of Exegete Was Paul? (PDF), by C. John Collins, Tyndale Bulletin 54.1 (2003): 75-86.