Woodcut of Francis Turretin
Francis Turretin (October 17, 1623 - September 28, 1687) was a
theologian. He was the son of Benedict Turrettini and was born at Geneva. Educated at Geneva, Leiden, Utrecht, Paris, Saumur, Montauban, and Nimes, Turretin returned to his native city and was made pastor of the Italian church
(1648) and professor of theology (1653).
Turretin is especially known as a zealous opponent of the theology of Saumur (embodied by
Moses Amyraut, and called Amyraldism), as an earnest defender of the Calvinistic orthodoxy represented by the Synod of Dort,
and as one of the authors of the
Helvetic Consensus, which defended the formulation of double
predestination from the Synod of Dort and the verbal inspiration of the Bible. Among his writings, which are chiefly dogmatic in character, special mention should be made of his Institutio Thelogiae Elencticae (3
parts, Geneva, 1679-1685), which is a dogmatic theology written in a polemic fashion and which became a standard text in
Christian circles until it was replaced by Charles Hodge's
Systematic Theology in the late 19th century.
Turretin greatly influenced the Puritans, but today, he is a mostly forgotten
scholastic from the annals of church history, though the rough English translation of his
Institutes of Elenctic Theology is still read by students of theology. John Gerstner called Turretin "the most precise theologian in the Calvinistic tradition."
This article includes content from the Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 1914. (public domain)
- Institutes of Elenctic Theology. 3 vols. Translated by George Musgrave Giger, edited by James T. Dennison, Jr.; P&R, 1997.
- Justification. Translated by George Musgrave Giger,edited by James T. Dennison, Jr.; P&R, 2004.
- The Atonement of Christ. Translated by James R. Wilson. Baker Books, 1978; Wipf & Stock, 1999.