Diaspora (from the Greek meaning to scatter or disperse) refers to Jews forced to live outside, or dispersed from Judea. Biblically this may refer to Jews scattered at the hands of the Assyrians circa 722 B.C. and/or the Babylonian exile circa 586 B.C. Subsequently, it may refer to Jews dispersed following the destruction of Jerusalem at the hands of the Roman Empire in 70 A.D.