Benjamin Whichcote (1609-83) was a British philosopher and liberal theologian in the established church and friend of the philosopher John Locke. Whichcote is usually considered to be the founding father of Cambridge
Platonism, which spawned a group of mid-17th century Cambridge philosophers who attempted to reconcile Christian ethics with Renaissance humanism, religion with early modern science, and faith with rationality.^^^^
Whichcote and the Cambridge Platonists were opponents of those who held to orthodox Calvinism, specifically the doctrines of
Britannica entry on Cambridge Platonists
Separate excerpt from Britannica entry on Cambridge Platonists
The scientific intellectual: the psychological & sociological origins of modern science. Lewis Samuel Feuer.
Transaction Publishers, 1992. pp 44-45.