Patrick Fairbairn (1805-1874) was born in Berwickshire, Scotland, studied at Edinburgh University, and was an outstanding scholar among Scottish Presbyterians. After 27 years in pastoral service, he served as divinity professor at the Free Church College in Aberdeen before becoming principal of the Free Church College, Glasgow, for 18 years until his death. His more notable works include Typology of Scripture, and commentaries on Ezekiel and The Pastoral Epistles.
In his Hermeneutical Manual, Patrick Fairbairn calls readers to a sober examination of the Bible. He follows the historic Protestant practice of allowing the Scriptures to stand as their own witness and interpreter. The author explains the "analogy of faith," in understanding the Bible. As summarized in the Westminster Confession (1:9), this principle states: "The infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the Scripture itself; and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full sense of any Scripture it must be searched and known by other places that speak more clearly."
- The Typology of Scripture, Kregel Classics; Reprint edition (October 2000) ISBN 082542643X
- Commentary on the Pastoral Epistles, Sovereign Grace Publishers (November 2001) ISBN 1589601882
- Commentary on Ezekiel, Sovereign Grace Publishers (January 2001) ISBN 1589600274
- Jonah: His Life, Character, and Mission, Wipf & Stock Publishers (August 2004) ISBN 1592448135
- Hermeneutical Manual ; or, Introduction to the exegetical study of the Scriptures of the New Testament, Scholarly Publishing Office, University of Michigan Library (December 2005) ISBN 1425559158